Pattern making is a technique that involves the usage of body measurements in some set rules or method for creating garments from 2d paper patterns. Patternmaking is one of the earliest steps in the development of a garment. It is a craft that has evolved over the centuries into a skilled technical process. Today, patternmaking tools have been carefully tailored to quickly perform repetitive time- consuming tasks, allowing apparel companies to cater to the fast-paced world of fashion. Nowadays sophisticated software programs are used for pattern making. In the 3D patternmaking process, the pattern pieces are generated from a 3D form. Draping is one of the oldest methods used to generate a pattern. In the traditional draping process, a garment is produced by moulding, cutting and pinning fabric to a mannequin or individual. Style lines and constructions details of the drape are carefully marked and removed. Fabric pieces with the construction and style details are generated.
Clothing refers to the various articles used to cover the body. It may be divided into two classes. First one the desire for warmth and for protection against elements. The appearance of a garment is greatly influenced by the fabric used for construction, not all fabrics are suitable for all garments. To choose a suitable fabric for a specific end use calls for basic knowledge in fabric construction and types of fabrics available in the market. Fabrics are produced mostly from yarns. Few fabrics are directly produced from fabrics. Fabrics are made from yarns and are constructed mostly either by weaving or knitting. In Indian market, seventy percent of the fabrics are produced by weaving.
Among the other fabric constructions, lace making is worth mentioning. Felts are fabrics made directly from fibers without making yarns. A well-fitted garment is a source of satisfaction and looks nice. A well-fitted garment has optimum amount of ease and its seam lines follow the general silhouette of the body. Any fitted garment is judged by its appearance on the wearer and its success depends a great deal in its fitting. Fitted garments are comfortable and allow the wearer to perform normal activites. They also fit snugly on the body of the wearer. It drapes neatly and sets without any wrinkles with out sagging or projecting out and will also be well balanced. To get a good fitted garment the patterns which are selected should be checked properly and they should posses a good shape and proportion. While cutting the garments, it is necessary to follow certain accurates steps. Most of the human figures might not be perfect or porportionate and therefore alterations and corrections are to be made. It is essential that after drafting a particular garment it should be tried on a body so that the necessary alterations of the patterns are done. Apart from the major defects of the body there may also be certain minor defects, which should be taken care of while drafting the garment. To get a good fit, the planning of patterns along the side of the grain, cutting accurately, stitching and pressing of darts and ease in fullness and machine stitching should be done exactly on the proposed line. The sleeves should be fixed smoothly and evenly in the armhole. The factors, which determine whether a garment has a good fit or not are ease, line, grain, set and balance. They are a referred to as the standards for a good fit and they are also interrelated to one another.